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What is AutismTreatments for Associated Medical Conditions
Treatments for Associated Medical Conditions
Treatment options for localized disease are:
X-rays are directed from outside the body towards the prostate gland in order to kill the prostate cancer cells.
The prostate gland, seminal vesicles, and lymph nodes are removed by a specialist surgeon with the aim of removing all the cancer.
Radioactivity is inserted into the prostate gland, either in the form of permanent gold seeds (low-dose rate brachytherapy) or temporary wires (high-dose rate brachytherapy).
There are various new techniques used to treat prostate cancer, such as cry therapy or HIFU (high-frequency ultrasound) and the effectiveness of these procedures is currently under evaluation. Treatment options for metastatic prostate cancer:
1. Hormone treatments: Hormonal treatments either block the action of the testosterone on the tumor or prevent testosterone being produced in the body. This makes the tumor shrink and makes the PSA level go down.
2. Chemotherapy: This is generally given if the hormone treatment stops working, and can also shrink the size of the tumor.
ver the past decade, there has been a revolution in
treatments for all stages of prostate cancer. Outcomes are
improving all the time. Once diagnosed with prostate
cancer, 94 out of every 100 men (94%) live for at least a
year after diagnosis, 85 out of every 100 men (85%) live for at least 5 years, and 84 out of every 100 men (84%) live for at least 10 years.
The treatments available depend on a number of factors and these include the stages of the disease, patient age and general health.
Treatment for prostate cancer is very specialized and can be tailored for each individual patient making treatment decisions difficult for patients and their families. It is therefore vital that you get expert help and advice from the specialist.
The main treatments for prostate cancer are surgery (open, key-hole or robotically assisted), radiotherapy (external beam, brachytherapy, cyber knife) and hormone therapy. Chemotherapy may also have a role.
Further treatments offered depend on the extent of the cancer. When the disease is still in the prostate area (i.e. is “localized”) then options will be discussed that aim to cure the cancer. If the disease is metastatic (e.g. has spread to the bones) then many treatment options are still available, but the intention would generally be to shrink and control the disease for as long as possible rather than aiming for a cure.
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